Filcosart Studio Gallery (Room Eight)



Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction


The Saladin skinhead of Ghent, we may rightly say stands somewhere inside a public building at the Rabot in Ghent somewhere around the Protestant Evangelical Church and Wondelgemstraat. It is in fact the way straight on to go to Dampoort, but before that we have the Tolhuislaan where we will be following a box match with the young Ghent boxer Junior Bauwens.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction

 The “Rabot” (monument) at the Begijnhoflaan, near the Wondelgemstraat, on the way to Dampoort.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction


Near the “Rabot” a very old church, the Reformed Church, also called the “Evangelische Kerk” as announced at the door. There is another Protestant Church at the Brabantdam, and an Evangelical Reformed Church (modern building behind houses) at Gordunakaai, 86. The  first two denominations have liberal views, and the third one has fundamentalist views. They believe that every word and letter of the Bible is God’s Word, and is the Truth. A liberal Protestant Church believes that God’s Word is in the Bible, a more acceptable view. A question, “where is God’s Word to be found in the Bible, and who can confirm?” Conclusion: “Man is the creator of God, deities and religions. That means that God is not the creator of the universe and humanity. There is no such Almighty Power, nor is there life after death. Only man is superior. In this scientific age religions are completely outdated. However, every human being is totally free and can choose for himself. No one is allowed to intervene in another’s views and beliefs. I am an Anarchist and I only believe in freedom. The individual, you and I, is the true reality in life. A cosmos in himself, he does not exist for the State, nor for that abstraction called "society," or the "nation," which is only a collection of individuals. Man, the individual, has always been and, necessarily is the sole source and motive power of evolution and progress. Human thought has always been falsified by tradition and custom, and perverted false education in the interests of those who held power and enjoyed privileges.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction

From the Rabot monument we are on our way to Tolhuislaan, at the Sports Centre there, where we will soon meet Junior Bauwens, catcher.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction

Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction



Red Anarchist Skinheads


The Red Anarchist Skinheads are the anarchist skinheads. They are sympathetic to the anti-fascism and militant working class stance. There are many anarcho-skinheads who are not in any crew/organization, some who are involved with explicitly anarchist crews like ASAP - Anarchist Skins and Punks - in the USA and FASH - Federacion Anarco-Skinhead - in Spain and parts of Latin America, and some who are just with non political or other kinds of crews - the Baldies were a crew in Minneapolis with anarchist members, some are in R.A.S.H. - Red Anarchist Skinheads' chapters, and all sorts of different crews.


The Red Anarchists Skinheads style is not much different from the regular skinhead style. The only differences are that Anarchy-skinheads tend to adopt a little more Punk styles such as a lot of band t-shirts and studded belts. The Red Anarchist skinheads also apply their politics to their style. With the "lace and braces" rule, most tend to go for red signifying the colour of socialism.




Flight/Bomber Jackets. Normal colours are Green and Black, occasionally dark blue. In the 90’s it was possible to see male skins wearing burgundy, but this is mainly for girls now. Also in the past French redskins were known to wear their flights inside out with the orange exposed, the cause of this is to difference them from boneheads (source: "antifa chasseurs de skin" documentary). Either way they often have patches, pins and embroidery.


Denim jackets. Normally faded blue colour. Sometimes these are bleached. They are also often customized with pins and patches.


Harringtons: These are less common in the US scene. They are a more dressier coat and normally work plain, or with a few pins.




  • Men: tight pants; Levi 501’s are common as are stretch pants.
  • Women: tight pants or miniskirts


Footwear examples


Boots are the most common form of skinhead footwear. Dr. Martens and Grinders are common. Skin girls also wear Monkey boots. Anything from 3 to 20 eyes can be found but 8, 10 and 14 eyelets are the most common. Some groups of skinheads associate a meaning with the colours of one's shoelaces.




Yellow (not recommended unless...), black, blue (eventually) , red (preference standing for Anarchism and Socialism).




Travelling caps; cloth caps; worker-caps; Bowlers; pork pie hats; scally (Benny in the UK) caps; "flat caps" (driver's caps); or rocker-caps.




Braces are worn with tight trousers, sometimes upright, sometimes hanging to the sides. Some groups of skinheads associate the colors of the braces and shoelaces on a skinhead with a certain meaning, though these meanings can differ by region. In most parts of North America, red braces are worn by anarchist skinheads.




  • Men: Cut short, sometimes, although rarely, shaved bald.
  • Women: Usually a chelsea; some skinbyrds have short hair like the men.


Music  (very important)


Music tastes are relatively the same as punk tastes: Ska, Rocksteady, Reggae, Oi!, and Punk.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, History, Fiction


The present wave of reaction will pass. Experience will teach the people that emancipation from tyranny, oppression and exploitation can be achieved only through Anarchism --- in a social organisation based on free, solitary co-operation without any admixture of the vitiating and destructive spirit of authoritarianism. Solidarity without freedom is impossible; it inevitably leads back to slavery, open or masked. The future belongs to Anarchism.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, Fiction, History


The background is graffiti on city bunkers (electricity cabins)  at the end of Opgeëistenlaan, near Pleazante Vest. The artwork is in lighter and darker blue, with some yellow. You will soon notice another skinhead also sitting there drunken, but on their way to the Sports Hall around Tolhuislaan, and on their way to Saint Bavo Abbey to meet the Saladin knight, the Undead, “Those Who Have Risen.”


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, Fiction, History


Opgeëistenlaan, near Pleazante Vest, the City Bunkers, electricity cabins.


Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, Fiction, History

Ghent, Skinheads, Knights, Fiction, History


Factory in ruin at Opgeëistenlaan (nearer the Rabot)


Saladin knight, skinheads, cartoon, fiction


The German skinhead is having a rest too at the Opgeëistenlaan before returning to the July Festival at St. Jacobs, and finally reach the great gathering at St. Bavo Abbey where skinheads and punks will meet the Saladin Knights wandering there, invisible ones, the Undead, “Those Who Have Risen” from the Crusades.

Knights, Skinheads, Saladin, History, Fiction


Soon the Saladin knights, the Undead, “Those Who have Risen”, normally located in the Castle of the Counts, very soon from now they are having their General Council in the ruins of St. Bavo Abbey, here are two of the many guardians and watchers all around protecting the domain , like at the time of the Crusades. They are the skinheads and punks of all ages representing Anarchism in the New Age.


Knights, Saladin, Ghent, History, Punks, Skinheads


The three guys are slowly on their way to the St. Bavo Abbey. They are very much amusing. They feel the hot, flushing attraction which every man is supposed to feel for the other. Seemingly, the male physique has a fascination for them, and a fondness for the female physique. So, it should be. Remember: “There is nothing of me that is alone and absolute except my mind, and we find out that the mind has no existence by itself, it is only the glitter of the sun on the surface of the waters. Individualism is really a mirage, an illusion. One is part of a great whole of which no one escapes.


Skinheads, Knights, Ghent, History, Fiction


They have now arrived at St. Bavo Abbey to meet the Saladin knights, the Undead, “Those Who have Risen”. They are all skinheads young and older, and even a skinhead girl on the balcony. The punks are on their way. They ignore how the Saladin knights will manifest themselves. Will they be seen in the air or on the ground or both in the air and on the ground. That is going to be a surprise. Where are the Punks?


Ghent, Punks, History, Fiction, Saladin Knights


These Anarchy punks have preferred the green scenery in the beautiful garden around the abbey, where they are free to play music in honour of the Saladin knights, and as such they remember the late seventies when their musical movement really began. At that time Punk Rock was born out of a reaction against established political and musical authorities. Removing the bombast of popular rock at the time, punk disregarded the traditional rules that governed musical success. This small group of Punks plays top-rated punk rock music at this very special gathering.


Ghent, Bavo Abbey, Saladin knights, fiction, history

Beautiful garden at St. Bavo Abbey (in ruine). This is the place where Skinheads and Punks are watching the Saladin Knights (the Undead), "Those Who Have Risen".

Ghent, Bavo Abbey, Saladin knights, fiction, history

At the beautiful garden of St. Bavo Abbey


Ghent, Knights, Saladin, History, Fiction



Sultan Saladin and his knights


Historical research by Philippe L. De Coster, B.Th., D.D.


Our story is almost drawing to its end with the appearance of the Saladin knights in the air. This one is already with his feet on the ground, in the nearness of two fortunate youngsters behind the flag of Flanders with the roaring lion showing its red claws. Let us briefly recapitulate the origin of Sultan Saladin and his knights.


The two greatest warriors of the Crusades were Richard the Lionheart of England and Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn (modernized as "Saladin"), the Sultan of Egypt and Syria. For two years, Richard had tried to capture the city of Acre (Akka), but the city had held out while Sultan Saladin attacked Richard from behind. Finally, Acre surrendered, but Richard's men were too tired to continue fighting Saladin. The time had come for them to meet face-to-face. Sultan Saladin bowed low and presented Richard with his favorite jewel: a giant opal called the Star of Saladin. "For my worthy opponent," he said. Richard thanked Saladin for the gift, and they signed a treaty which ended the fighting. Soon, Richard set out for England, but the opal was stolen from him during the journey.


The Assassins


We know too well now that the astonishing perspicacity and tenacity Ibn al-Khashâb of Aleppo, the Judge, not only saved the city Aleppo in  Syria from occupation, but also contributed more than anything else to preparing the way for the great leaders of “jihad” against the invaders during the Crusades. However,  the “qadi” would not leave to see these events. One day in the summer of 1125, as he was leaving the great mosque of the Aleppo after the midday prayer, a man disguised as an ascetic leapt upon him and sunk a dagger into his chest. It was an act of revenge by the Assassins, Ibn al-Khashâb had been the sect's most intransigent opponent, has spilled buckets of its adherents' blood, and had never repented of his actions. He must have know that some day he would pay with his life. For a third of a century, no enemy of the Assassins had ever managed to elude them.


This sect, the most terrifying every seen, had been founded in 1090 (C.E) by a man of immense culture, a devotee of poetry profoundly interested in the latest advances of science. Hasan ibn al-Sabbâh was born around 1048 in the city of Rayy, close by the site where the town of Tehran would be founded a dozen years later. Was he really, as legend claims, an inseparable companion of the young poet Omar Khayyam, himself a devotee of mathematics and astronomy? It is not known with certainty. On the other hand, the circumstances that led this brilliant man to dedicate his life to organising this sect are known in detail.


At this time of Hasan's birth, the Shi'i doctrine, to which he adhered, was dominant in Muslim Asia. Syria belonged to the Fatamids of Egypt, and another Shi'i dynasty, the Buwayhids, controlled Persia and dictated orders at will to the 'Abbasid caliph in Baghdad itself. During Hasan's youth, however, the situation was radically reversed. The Seljuks, upholders of Sunni orthodoxy, took control of the entire region. Shi'ism, triumphant only a short time before, was now only barely tolerated, often persecuted, doctrine.


Never had the threat represented by the Assassins been so serious. They were no longer simply pests, but had become a plague torturing the Arab world at a time when all its energies were required to confront the Frankish occupation. Moreover, the skein of killings was not yet fully unraveled. A few months after the death of al-Borsoki, his son, who succeeded him, was in turn assassinated. Four rival emirs then contented for power in Aleppo, and Ibn al-Khashâb was no longer on the scene to maintain a minimum of cohesion. In autumn 1127, as the city sank into anarchy, the young son of the great Bohemund, a huge blond man of eighteen who had just arrived from his homeland to take possession of this familial heritage. He bore his father's first name and also possessed his impetuous character. The Aleppans lost no time in paying tribute to him, and the most defeatist already saw him as the future conqueror of their city.


Sultan Saladin



Saladin, Arabic in full Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (“Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job”), also called al-Malik al-Nāṣir Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf I   (born 1137/38, Tikrīt, Mesopotamia [now in Iraq]—died March 4, 1193, Damascus [now in Syria]), Muslim Sultan of Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and Palestine, founder of the Ayyūbid dynasty, and the most famous of Muslim heroes. In wars against the Christian Crusaders, he achieved great success with the capture of Jerusalem (October 2, 1187), ending its nearly nine decades of occupation by the Franks.


Saladin was born into a prominent Kurdish family. On the night of his birth, his father, Najm al-Dīn Ayyūb, gathered his family and moved to Aleppo, there entering the service of ʿImad al-Dīn Zangī ibn Aq Sonqur, the powerful Turkish governor in northern Syria. Growing up in Baʿlbek and Damascus, Saladin was apparently an undistinguished youth, with a greater taste for religious studies than military training.




Sultan Saladin’s position was further enhanced when, in 1171, he abolished the weak and unpopular Shīʿite Fāṭimid caliphate, proclaiming a return to SunniIslam in Egypt. Although he remained for a time theoretically a vassal of Nūr al-Dīn, that relationship ended with the Syrian emir’s death in 1174. Using his rich agricultural possessions in Egypt as a financial base, Saladin soon moved into Syria with a small but strictly disciplined army to claim the regency on behalf of the young son of his former suzerain. Soon, however, he abandoned this claim, and from 1174 until 1186 he zealously pursued a goal of uniting, under his own standard, all the Muslim territories of Syria, northern Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt. This he accomplished by skillful diplomacy backed when necessary by the swift and resolute use of military force. Gradually his reputation grew as a generous and virtuous but firm ruler, devoid of pretense, licentiousness, and cruelty. In contrast to the bitter dissension and intense rivalry that had up to then hampered the Muslims in their resistance to the Crusaders, Saladin’s singleness of purpose induced them to rearm both physically and spiritually.




Sultan Saladin’s every act was inspired by an intense and unwavering devotion to the idea of jihad, or holy war. It was an essential part of his policy to encourage the growth and spread of Muslim religious institutions. He courted their scholars and preachers, founded colleges and mosques for their use, and commissioned them to write edifying works, especially on the jihad itself. Through moral regeneration, which was a genuine part of his own way of life, he tried to re-create in his own realm some of the same zeal and enthusiasm that had proved so valuable to the first generations of Muslims when, five centuries before, they had conquered half the known world


 Sultan Saladin also succeeded in turning the military balance of power in his favour—more by uniting and disciplining a great number of unruly forces than by employing new or improved military techniques. When at last, in 1187, he was able to throw his full strength into the struggle with the Latin Crusader kingdoms, his armies were their equals. On July 4, 1187, aided by his own military good sense and by a phenomenal lack of it on the part of his enemy, Saladin trapped and destroyed in one blow an exhausted and thirst-crazed army of Crusaders at Ḥaṭṭīn, near Tiberias in northern Palestine. So great were the losses in the ranks of the Crusaders in this one battle that the Muslims were quickly able to overrun nearly the entire Kingdom of Jerusalem. Acre, Toron, Beirut, Sidon, Nazareth, Caesarea, Nāblus, Jaffa (Yafo), and Ascalon (Ashqelon) fell within three months. But Saladin’s crowning achievement and the most disastrous blow to the whole Crusading movement came on October 2, 1187, when the city of Jerusalem, holy to both Muslim and Christian alike, surrendered to Saladin’s army after 88 years in the hands of the Franks. Saladin planned to avenge the slaughter of Muslims in Jerusalem in 1099 by killing all Christians in the city, but he agreed to let them purchase their freedom provided that the Christian defenders left the Muslim inhabitants unmolested.



His sudden success, which in 1189 saw the Crusaders reduced to the occupation of only three cities, was, however, marred by his failure to capture Tyre, an almost impregnable coastal fortress to which the scattered Christian survivors of the recent battles flocked. It was to be the rallying point of the Latin counterattack. Most probably, Saladin did not anticipate the European reaction to his capture of Jerusalem, an event that deeply shocked the West and to which it responded with a new call for a Crusade. In addition to many great nobles and famous knights, this Crusade, the third, brought the kings of three countries into the struggle. The magnitude of the Christian effort and the lasting impression it made on contemporaries gave the name of Saladin, as their gallant and chivalrous enemy, an added lustre that his military victories alone could never confer on him.




The Crusade itself was long and exhausting, despite the obvious, though at times impulsive, military genius of Richard I (the Lion-Heart). Therein lies the greatest—but often unrecognized—achievement of Saladin. With tired and unwilling feudal levies, committed to fight only a limited season each year, his indomitable will enabled him to fight the greatest champions of Christendom to a draw. The Crusaders retained little more than a precarious foothold on the Levantine coast, and when King Richard left the Middle East, in October 1192, the battle was over. Saladin withdrew to his capital at Damascus.




Soon the long campaigning seasons and the endless hours in the saddle caught up with him, and he died. While his relatives were already scrambling for pieces of the empire, his friends found that the most powerful and most generous ruler in the Muslim world had not left enough money to pay for his grave. Saladin’s family continued to rule over Egypt and neighbouring lands as the Ayyūbid dynasty, which succumbed to the Mamlūk dynasty in 1250.


Sultan Saladin, a just warrior


Sultan Saladin, as we already know, was renowned for his knightly virtues which matched those of Richard the Lionheart. When Richard the Lionheart was sick with a fever, Sultan Saladin, knowing that he was poorly supplied with delicacies, sent him a gift of the choicest fruits of the land. On another occasion, when Richard's horse had been killed in battle, Saladin sent a fine Arabian steed as a present for his rival. For two years Richard the Lionheart and Saladin were involved in almost daily combat in the crusaders attempts to capture Jerusalem from the Muslims.




After capturing Jerusalem, Sultan Saladin signed an agreement saving Christians. He spared the lives of many Christians, and he also guaranteed their safe departure along with their property and belongings. Part of the condition of the surrender of Jerusalem, was that each Christian pays her or his ransom. Thousands of Christians were women, who were unable to pay the ransom. To save them from slavery, Sultan Saladin and his brother paid the ransom out of their own pockets. Sultan Saladin’s chivalrous qualities are evident by sparing the Christians and paying their ransom. Sultan Saladin set an example of tolerance, progressive, and inclusive faith. He showed restraint and peaceful treatment, upholding freedom of religion and protection of non-Muslims.




Richard the Lionheart remained for longer in the Holy Land than the other leaders of the Crusades. King Richard the Lionheart and Sultan Saladin finally concluded a truce by the terms of which Christians were permitted to visit Jerusalem without paying tribute, that they should have free access to the holy places, and remain in undisturbed possession of the coast from Jaffa to Tyre. King Richard the Lionheart then set sail for England, and with his departure from the Holy Land the Third Crusade came to an end, leaving Jerusalem still in the possession of Sultan Saladin, his knights and the Muslims.



©  June 2014 – Philippe L. De Coster, Ghent, Belgium.




Flanders, Ghent, Map

Legend of the Raccoon of Flanders


Rabbit, Flag, Ghent, History


A rabid, by name Raccoon was found in the area of Flanders Four Corners in East Lyme today. Ledge Light Health District confirms that the animal has been tested and was found to be positive for rabies on July 19. 



"This animal was found in the parking lot of JR's shack/Rite aid pharmacy," Waterford-East Lyme Animal Control Officer Robert Yuchniuk posted on Facebook. "Before arriving, there were several citizens around trying to help, taking photos and trying to give him drinks of water. One is not sure if they had any physical contact with the animal. If you were one of these people or if you know any of these people, please SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION. Also if you see any wild animals that appear ill or injured, DO NOT APPROACH THEM. rabies are hundred percent fatal to EVERYTHING if not treated in time."


That's just the latest animal to test positive for the dread disease. Two raccoons tested positive for rabies in Waterford in May and in April. For your own safety, please avoid feeding or approaching wild or stray animals.


Ghent, Knights, Saladin, History, Fiction


Finally, the Saladin knights, the Undead, “Those Who Have Risen” are now manifesting themselves some on Abbey’s grounds, like the knight and the neophyte starring in the air, while other knights are flying in the air, dressed and armed  according to their ranks. Their task is now accomplished in Ghent and Flanders  retiring among the Undead, keeping a watching eye on the city of Ghent and Flanders. They are immensely satisfied about the election of the Mayor Daniel Termotte, fully representing the Saladin Knights. Mayor Termotte is known as the world’s best Mayor. They also trust the skinheads and punks furthering Anarchism away from any religion beliefs, and caring and protecting the working class.


Ghent, Maire, History, Fiction, Knights

Daniel Termotte, Maire of City of Ghent, it is said the best maire in the world



 De Mislukking van het Christendom


 The Failure of Christianity


Emma Goldman


 In het Nederlands vertaald en geïllustreerd door


 Philippe L. De Coster, B.Th., D.D





Anarchism, Philosophy, Politics, Atheism


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