Today’s Dynamic Psychology and Psychosynthesis

Today’s Dynamic Psychology

and Psychosynthesis


Alex Minsky, Psychology, Psychosynthesis, Roberto Assagioli

Alex Minsky, U.S. Marine and Disabled War Hero


Foreword by Philippe L. De Coster, B.Th., D.D.


When we observe the most obvious characteristics of contemporary civilization, we are struck by its extreme extraversion, its desire to know and master the forces of nature in order to satisfy its ever-growing needs and demands. This is indeed the dominating trend of our age, but it is by no means the only one, as a closer study will reveal.


As is well known, in the course of the last seventy years and more a group of inquirers, which was at first small but which gradually grew more active, turned its attention to the investigation of the phenomena and mysteries of the human psyche. The most important results have not been achieved by academic psychologists, but by independent investigators. Nearly all of them were clinicians, driven by the practical needs of their patients and aided by the greater evidence that certain psychological phenomena acquire when they are accentuated by a morbid condition.


Sigmund Freud demonstrated that various physical symptoms and psychological disturbances are due to instincts, drives, phantasies, buried in the unconscious and retained there by resistances and defence mechanisms of various kinds. He also found that many manifestations of our normal life, such as dreams, fancies, forgetting, mistakes and lapses of behaviour, and even some kinds of artistic and literary production, are due to the same psychological mechanisms which determine morbid symptoms in the sick. For instance, the curious forgetting of well-known things or words is due, according to Freud, to some connection existing between the forgotten word or fact and some painful emotion or disagreeable event. He gives an amusing illustration of this: one day he could not remember the name of a well-known resort on the Italian Riviera, namely, Nervi. "Indeed," he writes, 'nerves' (in Italian nervi) give me a great deal of trouble."


On this basis Freud developed a wealth of conceptions on the genetic processes and on the structure of the human personality which it is impossible to summarize, the more so because they underwent considerable changes during the many years of Freud's copious production. But his psychoanalytic doctrines are at present well-known and have been expounded or summarized by various writers. (A comprehensive and objective exposition of Freudian psychoanalysis is that by Ruth L Munroe in her book Schools of Psychoanalytic Thought which also contains a clear exposition and critical comments on the other main exponents of psychoanalytic thought.)


Freud had many pupils and followers, some of whom contributed various developments and modifications, while remaining in the main stream of the psychoanalytic movement; such were Karl Abraham , Sandor Ferenczi , Wilhelm Stekel , Melanie Klein , etc. On the other hand, some of Freud's original pupils and co-workers took independent and even antagonistic positions and developed conceptions, methods and even Schools of their own. The more important among them are: Alfred Adler who, in his "Individual Psychology," emphasized the importance of the drive to personal self- assertion, or the will-to-power; C. G. Jung , who investigated the deeper layers of the unconscious, where he found images and symbols of a collective character, and also made original contributions to the classification and description of psychological types; Otto Rank, who put particular emphasis on the problem of separation and union, and on the function of the will. Later, specific contributions were made by Karen Homey, who pointed out the importance of actual conflicts and of the need for security. Erich Fromm put the accent on the social pressures on the individual.




Fourteen Amazing Psychology Facts Everyone Needs


To Know


(From Higher Perspective)


1. Your favorite song is likely associated with an emotional event.


You and everyone else. 


2. Music impacts your perspective.


This one seems kind of obvious! A study at the University of Groningen showed that music has a dramatic impact on your perception. 


3. The more you spend on others, the happier you are.


According to various studies. Be sure to give plenty this holiday season! 


4. Spending money on experience instead of stuff also makes you happier.


Collect memories not things, right? 


5. Kids are more high strung today than the average psych ward patient in 1950.


Which is pretty scary but not surprising. About half the human population now suffers anxiety, depression, or a sort of substance abuse. 


6. Certain religious practices lower stress.


“The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Mood Disorders” shows that people who engage in meditation as in Buddhism are less stressed out. 


7. Money does buy happiness, but only up to $75,000 a year.


For the average American, $75k a year buys happiness. It liberates you from poverty and gets you what you need in life. 


8. Being with happy people makes you happier.


This should come as no surprise. 


9. 18 to 33 year olds are the most stressed out people on earth.


Family, education, work, it can all be pretty stressful. 


10. Convincing yourself you slept well tricks your brain into thinking it did.


Thus giving you more energy. They called it “placebo sleep”.


11. Smart people underestimate themselves and ignorant people think they’re brilliant.


It’s called the Dunning Kruger Effect, it’s real, and just go on Facebook and you’ll see what I’m talking about. 


12. When you remember a past event, you’re actually remembering the last time you remembered it.


Alright, that one blew the hell out of my mind. This is why our memories fade and distort over time. 


13. Your decisions are more rational when thought in another language.


A university of Chicago study showed that Korean citizens who thought in foreign languages reduced their overall bias. Neat. 


14. If you announce your goals, you’re less likely to succeed.


It’s true. Tests since the 1930’s have pretty well proven it. 



 Conclusion from the works of the late Dr. Roberto Assagioli, M.D.


"Active Techniques" for the Treatment and Development of the Personality. All or nearly all the previously mentioned approaches have led to the adoption and the use of a large number and variety of active techniques. The comparative older ones are hypnotism and suggestion and auto-suggestion, described and used by the two "Schools of Nancy" (Liebault, Bernheim, Coué) and, with greater scientific accuracy, by Baudoin; then the autogenous training of Schultz ; Desoille's "Réve éveillé"; Happich's meditation technique; Moreno's  psychodrama, and other forms of Group Psychotherapy. Moreover there are the various techniques, too numerous to be quoted in this rapid survey, for the training of specific functions such as memory, thinking, imagination and will.


This vast amount of studies and research offers enough material for an attempt at co-ordination and synthesis. If we assemble ascertained facts, positive and well-authenticated contributions and well-founded interpretations, ignoring the exaggerations and theoretical super-structure of the various schools, we arrive at a pluridimensional (This apt term indicating an inclusive outlook has been used by Ruth Munroe and by Gardner Murphy .) conception of the human personality which, though far from perfect or final is, we think, more inclusive and nearer to reality than previous formulations.


To illustrate such a conception of the constitution of the human being in his living concrete reality the following diagram may be helpful. It is, of course, a crude and elementary picture that can give only a structural, static, almost "anatomical" representation of our inner constitution, while it leaves out its dynamic aspect, which is the most important and essential one. But here, as in every science, gradual steps must be taken and progressive approximations be made. When dealing with a reality so plastic and elusive as our psychological life, it is important not to lose sight of the main lines and of the fundamental differences; otherwise the multiplicity of details is liable to obscure the picture as a whole and to prevent our realizing the respective significance, purpose and value of its different parts.



Psychology, Psychosynthesis, Roberto Assagioli


Along the chart attached


1. The Lower Unconscious


This contains, or is the origin of:


a. The elementary psychological activities which direct the life of the body; the intelligent coordination of bodily functions.


b. The fundamental drives and primitive urges.


c. Many complexes, charged with intense emotion.


d. Dreams and imaginations of an inferior kind.


e. Lower, uncontrolled parapsychological processes.


f. Various pathological manifestations, such as phobias, obsessions, compulsive urges and paranoid delusions.


2. The Middle Unconscious


This is formed of psychological elements similar to those of our waking consciousness and easily accessible to it. In this inner region our various experiences are assimilated, our ordinary mental and imaginative activities are elaborated and developed in a sort of psychological gestation before their birth into the light of consciousness.


3. The Higher Unconscious or Superconscious


From this region we receive our higher intuitions and inspirations artistic, philosophical or scientific, ethical "imperatives" and urges to humanitarian and heroic action. It is the source of the higher feelings, such as altruistic love; of genius and of the states of contemplation, illumination and ecstasy. In this realm are latent the higher psychic functions and spiritual energies.


4. The Field of Consciousness


This term—which is not quite accurate but which is fairly clear and convenient for practical purposes—is used to designate that part of our personality of which we are directly aware: the incessant flow of sensations, images, thoughts, feelings, desires and impulses which we can observe, analyze and judge.


5. The Conscious Self or "I"


The "self", that is to say, the point of pure self-awareness, is often confused with the conscious personality just described, but in reality it is quite different from it. This can be ascertained by the use of careful introspection. The changing contents of our consciousness (the sensations, thoughts, feelings, etc.) are one thing, while the "I", the self, the centre of our consciousness is another. From a certain point of view this difference can be compared to that existing between the white lighted area on a screen and the various pictures which are projected upon it.


But the "man in the street" and even many well-educated and intelligent people do not take the trouble to observe themselves and to discriminate; they drift on the surface of the "mind-stream" and identify themselves with its successive waves, with the changing contents of their consciousness.


6. The Higher Self


The conscious self is generally not only submerged in the ceaseless flow of psychological contents but seems to disappear altogether when we fall asleep, when we faint and lose consciousness, when we are under the effect of an anaesthetic or narcotic, or in a state of hypnosis. And when we awake the self mysteriously re-appears, we do not know how or whence—a fact which, if closely examined, is truly baffling and disturbing. This leads us to assume that the re-appearance of the conscious self or ego is due to the existence of a permanent centre, of a true Self situated beyond or “above" it (The higher Self should not be confused in any way with the super-ego of Freud which is not a real self but, according to Freud's theory, a construction, an artificial product. It is also different from any "phenomenological" conception of the self or ego.).


There are various ways by means of which the reality of the Self can be ascertained. There have been many individuals who have achieved, more or less temporarily, a conscious realization of the Self that for them has the same degree of certainty as is experienced by an explorer who has entered a previously unknown region. Such statements can be found in Bucke's Cosmic Consciousness (10), in Ouspensky's Tertium Organum (45), in Underhill's Mysticism (61), and in other books. The awareness of the Self can also be achieved through the use of certain psychological methods, among which are Jung's 'process of individuation" (28), Desoille's 'Réve éveillé" (12), the techniques of Raja Yoga (52), etc.


Then we have the corroboration of such philosophers as Kant and Herbart who make a clear distinction between the empirical ego and the noumenal or real Self. This Self is above, and unaffected by, the flow of the mind-stream or by bodily conditions; and the personal conscious self should be considered merely as its reflection, its "projection" in the field of the personality. At the present stage of psychological investigation little is definitely known concerning the Self, but the importance of this synthesizing centre well warrants further research.


7. The Collective Unconscious


Human beings are not isolated, they are not "monads without windows" as Leibnitz thought. They may at times feel subjectively isolated, but the extreme existentialistic conception is not true, either psychologically or spiritually.


The outer line of the oval of the diagram should be regarded as "delimiting" but not as "dividing'. It should be regarded as analogous to the membrane delimiting a cell, which permits a constant and active interchange with the whole body to which the cell belongs. Processes of "psychological osmosis" are going on all the time, both with other human beings and with the general psychic environment. The latter corresponds to what Jung has called the "collective unconscious"; but he has not clearly defined this term, in which he includes elements of different, even opposite natures, namely primitive archaic structures and higher, forward-directed activities of a superconscious character. (See C. G. Jung, Two Essays on Analytical Psychology, London, 1928, pp. 118-9).


The preceding diagram helps us to reconcile the following facts, which at first appear to contradict and exclude each other:


1. The seeming duality, the apparent existence of two selves in us. Indeed, it is as if there were two selves, because the personal self is generally unaware of the other, even to the point of denying its existence; whereas the other, the true Self, is latent and does not reveal itself directly to our consciousness.


2. The real unity and uniqueness of the Self. There are not really two selves, two independent and separate entities. The Self is one; it manifests in different degrees of awareness and self-realization. The reflection appears to be self-existent but has, in reality, no autonomous substantiality. It is, in other words, not a new and different light but a projection of its luminous source.


This conception of the structure of our being includes, co-ordinates and arranges in an integral vision the data obtained through various observations and experiences. It offers us a wider and more comprehensive understanding of the human drama, of the conflicts and problems that confront each one of us, and it also indicates the means of solving them and points the way to our liberation.


In our ordinary life we are limited and bound in a thousand ways—the prey of illusions and phantasms, the slaves of unrecognized complexes, tossed hither and thither by external influences, blinded and hypnotized by deceiving appearances. No wonder then that man, in such a state, is often discontented, insecure and changeable in his moods, thoughts and actions. Feeling intuitively that he is "one", and yet finding that he is "divided unto himself", he is bewildered and fails to understand either himself or others.


No wonder that he, not knowing or understanding himself, has no self-control and is continually involved in his own mistakes and weaknesses; that so many lives are failures, or are at least limited and saddened by diseases of mind and body, or tormented by doubt, discouragement and despair. No wonder that man, in his blind passionate search for liberty and satisfaction, rebels violently at times, and at times tries to still his inner torment by throwing himself headlong into a life of feverish activity, constant excitement, tempestuous emotion and reckless adventure.


Let us examine whether and how it is possible to solve this central problem of human life, to heal this fundamental infirmity of man. Let us see how he may free himself from this enslavement and achieve an harmonious inner integration, true Self-realization and right relationships with others.


The task is certainly neither easy nor simple, but that it can be accomplished has been demonstrated by the success of those who have used adequate and appropriate means.


The stages for the attainment of this goal may be tabulated as follows:


1. Thorough knowledge of one's personality.


2. Control of its various elements.


3. Realization of one's true Self—the discovery or creation of a unifying centre.


4. Psychosynthesis: the formation or reconstruction of the personality around the new centre.


Everything begins and ends in the mind of man. Religion is a product of man, or brain work. Outside the mind of man there is nothing. When we die, dead is dead, and there is no reward or punishment waiting us.


Philippe L. De Coster was in the Sundial House Meditation Groups founded by Dr. Roberto Assagioli, 1960 ending until approx. 1980.


© May 2015 – Skull Press Ebook Publications, Ghent, Belgium (Non-commercial)



Psychology, Psychosynthesis


My EBooks on Dr. Roberto Assagioli, M.D founder


of Psychosynthesis and Philippe L. De Coster, B.Th., D.D.


Collection: “Practical Occultism for the New Age.”


We cannot be satisfied to know ourselves so vaguely and imperfectly. Our insatiable thirst for knowledge which drives us to scrutinize the immense, distant worlds and the multitude of beings that germinate in a drop of water, cannot leave us indifferent in regard to the unknown in ourselves, that seems to us the central mystery of Being. But not alone the desire to know drives us to fathom this mystery; personal motives of immediate practical bearing also urge us on. We feel that we have light, order and harmony within us, we try to distinguish among the innumerable thoughts, feelings and impulses that arise in us, those which are really the expression of our realest and deepest being, and those that are instead derived from external suggestion or instinctive tendencies. We try to dominate and eliminate those we recognize as not our own, or unworthy of us. But we must admit, if we are sincere, that such attempts are often unsatisfying. They remain an unattainable aspiration. The opinions and tendencies suggested to us from our surroundings mask themselves as ours, without our noticing it, while we often doubt and repel our most intimate intuitions. The instincts, passions and habits we try to control resist our efforts obstinately or escape from our grasp, hiding themselves in the subconscious whence hey operate in a subtle manner, or else they make a violent attack and, in either case, we are defeated. Finally, know that everything is created in the mind of man as the deities, God and Satan, and the dogmas around them. While God stands for goodness, Satan stands for evil. But, no deity in the whole world has no existence safe in the mind of man, the creator of deities, and what it meant for humanity. Today we know they have no reality. In this world we only have to promote goodwill living thereby, and protect us from evilness combat it, as today with the Islamic State. Religion has never been totally good, and as we experience today it is a danger.


Hercules and His Twelve Labours




Meditation and Sex




The Spiritual Work of the United Nations and the Liberation of Humanity




Directions and Techniques for Meditation




How “Triangles” Work! How to meditate?




Realising our Inner World – The Self “I” through Meditation




Creative Occultism and Meditation, First Year, Part I.




First Year, Part II




Second Year, Part I




Second Year, Part II




Three Psychological Ways – One Vision (A Study in Cosmic Humanism)




Some Collected Works of Dr. Roberto Assagioli, M.D.




The Bhagavad Gita in English, translated from the Sanskrit and old manuscripts by Philippe L. De Coster, B.Th., D.D.




The collection contains more titles, and the Bhagavad Gita translation in Dutch and French. Please refer to the collection:





Psychology, Psychosynthesis, Philippe De Coster

 Towards the Diploma of the London Bible College (1984)

Enrolled as Old Student

(Today, London School of Theology)


Psychology, Psychosynthesis, Philippe L. De Coster






Psychology, Psychosynthesis, Disabled, Philippe L. De Coster


Disabled Gay People and Sex Life


By Philippe L.De Coster, B.Th., D.D.


In Western industrial nations gay people can live their lives and loves in the open. Most countries allow gay and lesbian couples to marry and, in some cases, even to adopt children. So all goes well in the rainbow world? Not yet. Discriminations still persists, especially for gay people with disabilities.


There are all manner of factors that make it more difficult for disabled gay people and others to meet prospective sexual partners, not least poor physical access to social venues – but the biggest obstacle is other people's attitudes even among their own kind.


This has as much to do with ignorance as it does with our culture's obsession with perfect bodies. Disabled people get used to being asked whether we "can (or do) have sex". The same people are probably surprised that wheelchair users can drive, and that deaf people go to nightclubs. And with the distaste for the idea of disability and sex comes the notion that if disabled people are sexual at all, they must be heterosexual. So that explains why disabled gay people can't get into most of the night bars and gay scene in general.


Disabled gay people and others may need support, advice and maybe even training in sex – but what we need most of all is equality in society. That not only means better physical access to all sorts of venues but also a change in social attitudes, including in the media. When we are seen as equal people, equally sexual people, we will be empowered to move on from the idea that we can only have sex by exploiting others.


What is Equality?


Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents, and believing that no one should have poorer life chances because of where, what or whom they were born, what they believe, or whether they have a disability. Equality recognises that historically, certain groups of people with particular characteristics e.g. race, disability, sex and sexuality, have experienced discrimination.


The Ultimate Guide to Sex and Disability


As an example people like Cory Silverberg are working to change that. The able-bodied co-owner of  “Come As You Are, a gay- and disability-friendly sex shop in Toronto, says disability is a part of his consciousness. The Toronto store has a ramp, a wheelchair accessible washroom, and 85% of the merchandise is displayed under five feet to be accessible from a wheelchair. Sex toys says Silverberg, are not geared to certain disabilities, genders or sexual orientation but to certain activities. Nevertheless, it is possible to find products adapted for disability on the store’s website.


Cory Silverberg has also co-authored “The Ultimate Guide to Sex and Disability” with Fran Odette and Dr. Miriam Kaufman (can be ordered at Amazon), a book that he says is inclusive of gays and lesbians, and covers topics from communication to masturbation (something that can be difficult for some people with certain physical disabilities). Kaufman says they wrote the book because there were so few resources on sex and disability. A lesbian and a paediatrician, Kaufman works with many teenagers who have disabilities or chronic illnesses, some of whom are gay, and says, “Everyone who works with teens is interested in sexuality” as it is such a huge issue for their clients.


Gay youth with disabilities


Some youth with disabilities, Myriam Kaufman says, feel guilty about having a disability and about being gay. They do not want to share their sexual orientation with their parents because they feel that it would be too much for them to bear on top of their disability. Other young gay people do not feel it is such a big deal, Kaufman says. “I do wonder if some of that is a bit easier for someone who’s [already] dealt with identity issues around disability and chronic illness,” she muses.


Pat Israel puts her faith in young gay disabled people to help change things for the better. “I see young people who are gay and disabled and they’re there,“ she says. “I’ve always made a point of being visible in events... if you’re there and you’re active, people think, yeah, that person has a right to be there.” She has stepped down from activism, partly, she says, to let the younger people play a leading role, and partly out of frustration. “It’s nice when you don’t have to fight about it, you can just go... that’s when I feel accepted,” she says.


Disabled people are self-determined people


Here follows the testimony of a disabled but determined gay young man, one out of the many:


When I asked my first boyfriend why he was breaking it off with me, he said it was because his friends couldn't understand why he'd want to be seen with me.

I remember deciding not to argue with him. But I can't deny that my deep-seated belief that he and his friends had a point may have somehow justified - in my own mind - their stigma.


The moment sticks with me as my first real experience of rejection. It hurt - I was in love. It gouged a huge hole in my self-esteem, messed up my self-image more than a bit and had a huge impact on my current view of relationships with men.

Maybe I didn't run after him, begging for understanding, because I thought I wasn't worthy. But then again maybe I realised, even at that tender age, that being in a relationship was not as important as uncompromisingly being true to myself, and demanding that people with whom I am intimate should accept me completely.

The few men I have loved, who have dared to love me, have had to go that one step further to understand the complexities and the simplicity of who I am and be OK with that. That has demanded quite a degree of self-awareness and self-confidence on their part, which, sadly, is not common.


Having been single and (mostly) celibate for longer than I can remember, it is a significant part of who I am and I consider it a highly under-rated art. I don't equate being single with being alone ­ on the contrary, I have maintained a steady relationship with myself for many years, in which time I have come to know myself well.


I can genuinely say that I feel comfortable with myself in all circumstances. I pretty much know how I will react in any given situation, but not to the point of boring monotony ­ I still surprise myself every so often.


My experience of being gay and disabled is of unrequited and fulfilled desire, pride and embarrassment. It is a tableau that I cherish for what it has taught me, and how it has allowed me to express who I am.




Much harmful discriminatory behaviour, such as bullying, comes from a lack of understanding for diverse cultures, lifestyles, religious beliefs and differences between individuals. Educating young people about identities, diversity, equality and human rights helps them learn to respect, celebrate difference and help tackle prejudice and discrimination.


It is also important that they are aware of the laws that protect them from discrimination, and know how to speak out on issues of concern or how to get help so that every student has equal opportunity to reach their potential and make the most of their lives. When making subject or career choices, accessing education, buying or using services, or making friends with their peers, equality is an important concept that affects young people’s lives every day.


However, today we have made huge progress towards a more equal society. Today the vast majority of us are happy studying, working and making friends with people from other ethnic minorities. Some outdated stereotypes about women have begun to fade. Minority ethnic groups which used to lag far behind in educational performance have begun to catch up. And there have been huge changes in attitudes towards lesbian, gay and bisexual people. A 2007 survey conducted by YouGov for instance (just read about) indicated that 90% of the British public supported outlawing discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. Disabled people also have more rights than ever before, and attitudes are gradually changing, with increasing acceptance of the social model of disability. This model proposes that systemic barriers, negative attitudes and exclusion by society (purposely or inadvertently) are the ultimate factors defining who is disabled and who is not provided for and accepted in society.


We will support you throughout the process of what we are helping with and beyond, we have no time limits, we will support you for as long as you need it.


Copyright May 2015 – Skull Press Ebook Publication, Ghent, Belgium (Non-commercial).





Opposite Philosophy Collection


Here one finds 35 EBooks curated by Philippe L. De Coster (Nicknames Hagur or Filcos for artistic works), and copyrighted ever since their creation. Around the “Dark Art” and as much as religions are concerned, being an invention of the human mind is no more than a trick finally, exciting tales, becoming as such the metaphor for many adventures which are not always sexual, the encounter of a glance, a gaze, an idea, an image, ephemeral and forceful association, which consents to dissolve so lightly at times, a faithless benevolence: a way of getting stuck in various desires, though without evading them; all in all, a kind of wisdom. So, within lies fact and fancy, truth and metaphor, always discriminate with care.








Man is the Inventor of the God or Satan notions nothing more 

Religion, Occultism, Metaphysics, Satanism, Psychology, Free Thought


Satanism, Dark Occultism versus Transpersonal Psychology


and Assagioli’s Psychosynthesis 


Study and Research Work by Philippe L. De Coster, B.Th., D.D.





Archive document Dr. Roberto Assagioli, M.D.

founder of Psychosynthesis



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